Characteristics Of Computer
Characteristics Of Computer are electronic devices that do faster arithmetical calculations. As you will see, it can do even more. This article will explain the basic characteristics of computers as well as some of its limitations.
What is a computer?
A computer is an electronic device which responds to a set of instructions in a systematic way and executes a prerecorded list known as programs.
It receives data as input and processes it according to a set of instructions. Finally, it stores the output in its memory.
Hardware refers to all the tangible parts of a computer, such as a keyboard, monitor, and processor.
Software refers to all the instructions, also known as programs, that are installed on a computer.
What are the key characteristics of a computer?
Each computer is different depending on its size and capabilities, but there are common characteristics that allow the computer to perform the input-output functions effectively.
These are the details:
The power of remembering
Let’s take a look at each one in detail:
Speed – The speed of a computer is the time it takes for a task to be completed. Computers work at lightning speed. A computer can calculate 3,000,000 calculations in a matter of seconds, while a human takes many years. The computer’s speed is now measured in microseconds, nanoseconds, or even picoseconds instead of milliseconds or seconds.
Accuracy – The Characteristics Of Computer are programmed in such a way that they produce almost 100% accuracy. It can perform all tasks with the same precision. There is very little chance of errors. However, an error can occur due to incorrect input data or unreliable programming by a programmer. These errors are known as Garbage in Garbage Out (GIGO). This means that if you give incorrect instructions to the computer, you will get wrong results.
Storage – The human brain only retains what it considers important, and discards all the rest. A computer, on the other hand, can store large amounts of data in its internal storage known as primary storage. It can then quickly access the data whenever it is needed. The internal memory can only store so much data that secondary storage devices such as Pen drives and DVDs are used to store additional data. These can be Characteristics Of Computer easily transferred from one computer to the next. You can also bring sections of data to the internal memory of your computer when you need them. The computer’s data will never run out and can be accessed in any format. A computer’s storage capacity is measured in megabytes (Mb), gigabytes (GB), and terabytes (TB).
Multitasking – A computer can be both accurate and diligent, but it is also versatile. If the tasks are simplified to a set of logical steps, it can do multiple types of tasks simultaneously. The computer can be used to book air and rail tickets, listen to music, forecast the weather, and play games. One can also pay his utility bills at once and create a monthly budget. It can create data sheets, documents, and models of homes, dams, and other structures.
Diligence is the ability to complete tasks with a computer without feeling tired. Computers are extremely reliable and do not become tired, worn out, or lose focus. Computers can work for hours, unlike humans, and they can provide accurate and error-free results. A computer can work for hours without interruptions, whereas humans feel tired after a few hours and lose their concentration.
Automation – Automating means to work automatically. The computer can function on its own, without any intervention from the user. It is possible to program the computer to complete a task. The sequence of the tasks can be used as a guideline and it will execute the tasks accurately. It also registers logs of any errors and displays error messages if there is one.
Reliability – Characteristics Of Computer are reliable when they have low failure rates and are easy to maintain. Computers can give reliable results because they are almost 100% accurate.
The Characteristics Of Computer ability to store data for many years is called the Power of Remembering. The computer cannot lose its data by itself. The data can be retrieved at any time and it will remain the same for many years. The user has the option to choose how much data they want to keep and how many to delete.